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Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Ethnic groups, language, and religion Ethnic and racial minorities make up about 12 percent of the population of Ireland—a proportion that doubled in the first decade of the 21st century. Immigration from the rest of EuropeAfrica, and Asia has been significant since the last two decades of the 20th century.
The key factors in increased immigration have been the more-open labour market provided by the European Union and the globalized nature of the contemporary Irish economy, both of which have attracted a wave of new residents.
Today Poles constitute the largest minority population in Ireland. The constitution provides that Irish be the first official language and English the second. All official documents are published in both Irish and English. The modern Irish languagewhich is very similar to Scottish Gaelic, was widely spoken up to the time of the Irish Potato Famine of the s and the subsequent emigrations.
The use of Irish continued to decline even afterwhen the language was introduced into schools; despite its decline, Irish never ceased to exert a strong influence on Irish consciousness.
Although its use as a vernacular has decreased and is concentrated in several small Gaeltacht i. English is universally spoken. Compulsory Irish in schools has come under some criticism from the business sector, which would prefer to see students develop more-diverse language skills.
While modern society might question the utility of the language, however, it remains an important element of the Irish identity. The Celtic religion had a major influence on Ireland long before the adoption of Christianity in the 5th century. Its precise rituals and beliefs remain somewhat obscure, but the names of hundreds of Celtic gods have survived, and elements of the religion—particularly the cults of Mary an echo of Danuthe Earth Mother goddess whom the Celts worshiped and St.
After the Reformation, Catholicism became closely associated with Irish nationalism and resistance to British rule. However, church support for nationalism—both then and now—has been ambivalent. After the devastating Irish Potato Famine in the s, there was a remarkable surge in devotional support of the Catholic church, and over the next century the number of Irish priests, nuns, and missionaries grew dramatically.
There is no officially established church in Ireland, and the freedoms of conscience and religion are constitutionally guaranteed.
Since the last decades of the 20th century, Ireland has seen a significant decline in the number of regular churchgoers.
That decline corresponded with the heyday of the so-called Celtic Tiger economy—when, during the s in particular, robust economic growth made the country significantly wealthier—and also with the revelations of child abuse by Catholic clergy that came to light in the first decade of the 21st century.
The Roman Catholic Church nevertheless continues to play a prominent role in the country, including maintaining responsibility for most schools and many hospitals.
This historical homogeneity also has worked against the development of significant regional or local divisions. One regional distinction is that between the part of the country east of the River Shannon —with its industrial employment, fertile farmlands, economic growth, and rising standard of living—and the poorer areas of the west—particularly west DonegalLeitrimwest Mayo, west GalwayClarewest Corkand south Kerry—where incomes were traditionally low though they are now supplemented by industrial development and tourism and the fertility of the land was in many cases insufficient to provide an acceptable standard of living for the people.
These western areas include the districts known collectively as the Gaeltacht, in which the Irish language and the traditional national culture are best preserved. Emigration abroad or to cities within Ireland has always been among the chief threats to the survival of this cultural heritage. For example, life expectancy is about 75 years for men and 80 for women.Republic of Ireland.
Irish was the only language spoken in Ireland until the 17th century, but the dominance of English and the effects of 19th-century potato famines and emigration led to a sharp decline in the population. There are a number of languages used in metin2sell.com the late nineteenth century, English has been the predominant first language, displacing Irish.A large minority claims some ability to use Irish, and it is the first language for a small percentage of the population.
Language: English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast Largest Cities: (by population) Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Waterford, Drogheda, Dundalk.
Gaeltacht (/ ˈ ɡ eɪ l t ə x t /; Irish pronunciation: [ˈɡeːl̪ˠt̪ˠəxt̪ˠ]; plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region. In Ireland, the term Gaeltacht refers individually to any, or collectively to all, of the districts where the government recognises that the Irish language is the predominant vernacular, or language of the home.
The Irish language has been taught in all government-subsidised schools since , but fewer than 10, pupils speak it as their first language. Ireland has a free public school system, with attendance compulsory for all . Ethnic groups, language, and religion Ethnic and racial minorities make up about 12 percent of the population of Ireland—a proportion that doubled in the first decade of the 21st century.
Immigration from the rest of Europe, Africa, and Asia has been significant since the last two decades of the 20th century.