Rules when quoting in essays

Listen to the advice of writers who earn their daily bread with their pens. During the past week, lists of writing commandments by Henry Miller, Elmore Leonard above and William Safire have buzzed around Twitter. So we decided to collect them and add tips from a few other veterans -- namely, George Orwell, Margaret Atwood, and Neil Gaiman.

Rules when quoting in essays

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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.

For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper.

It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.


Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.

All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.

Rules when quoting in essays

Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.

This is called hanging indentation. Authors' names are inverted last name first ; give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors.

If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.

Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.

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While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources. Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format.

For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.An APA, American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines.

Rules about the minimum length of block quotations, how many spaces to indent, and whether to single- or double-space extended quotations vary with different documentation systems; check the guidelines for the system you're using. USING QUOTATIONS IN ESSAYS (with specific rules for quoting poetry) Titles: Titles of plays and very long poems are underlined (or italicized); titles of poems are placed in a poem does not have a title, it is referred to by its first line.

Introduction. Individual decision-making about consumption has been the subject of many theories and approaches. In this paper, we are interested to propose some steps to include consumer decision making and behaviour in formal models, trying to do this in a . The reason for citations and documentation is to credit the author and publisher for their original work and to enable your readers to consult the same sources.

Through the proper use of your sources and citations, you openly acknowledge where your ideas come from. I have been teaching the art of good writing to students since and outside of class I help students create successful college and scholarship essays.

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