Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment a review of the literature murphy

Harnessing Energy Sensory Processing Sensory tools and techniques for responsible learning. Back to Basics raises awareness about declining literacy, and provides recommendations to ease the job of printing and reading for all children. A Cracked Foundation profiles how attachment formation is an underlying causal factor for the recent rise in child mental illness and addiction.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background The habitual "any other comments" general open question at the end of structured questionnaires has the potential to increase response rates, elaborate responses to closed questions, and allow respondents to identify new issues not captured in the closed questions.

However, we believe that many researchers have collected such data and failed to analyse or present it. Discussion General open questions at the end of structured questionnaires can present a problem because of their uncomfortable status of being strictly neither qualitative nor quantitative data, the consequent lack of clarity around how to analyse and report them, and the time and expertise needed to do so.

We suggest that the value of these questions can be optimised if researchers start with a clear understanding of the type of data they wish to generate from such a question, and employ an appropriate strategy when designing the study. The intention can be to generate depth data or 'stories' from purposively defined groups of respondents for qualitative analysis, or to produce quantifiable data, representative of the population sampled, as a 'safety net' to identify issues which might complement the closed questions.

Summary We encourage researchers to consider developing a more strategic use of general open questions at the end of structured questionnaires.

This may optimise the quality of the data and the analysis, reduce dilemmas regarding whether and how to analyse such data, and result in a more ethical approach to making best use of the data which respondents kindly provide. Background The survey is a key method in health services research [ 1 ].

The majority of survey questionnaires consist of closed questions where respondents are asked to choose from a fixed number of options.

Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment a review of the literature murphy

These are considered to be efficient because data are easy to collect, code and analyse [ 2 ]. Efficiency is important in survey methodology where researchers attempt to obtain the attitudes or experiences of a representative sample for generalisation to a wider population, and may need to gather information from large numbers to ensure precision of estimates.

In addition to closed questions, it is not uncommon to include an 'open' question where respondents are invited to provide information in free text format, for example 'Is there anything else you would like to say' at the end of a questionnaire.

When the questionnaires are returned and being prepared for analysis, the researcher may face the dilemma of whether or not to analyse and report the written responses to this open question.

In this paper we draw on expert opinion in key texts, and examples of the use of open questions in predominantly closed question questionnaires, to consider whether there is value in including such questions, and if so, how best to optimise the quality of the data and analysis.

Research in Higher Education Journal

The general open question, typically 'any other comments? We believe that the use of this type of open question is common, and we consider it to be the type that is most likely to pose a dilemma for researchers around whether and how to analyse any responses.The Career & Technical Education (CTE) Programs section is responsible for developing and maintaining educational programs that prepare individuals for occupations important to Florida’s economic development.

ABSTRACT. The aim of this article is to systematically review Training Needs Assessment (TNA) scientific literature.

Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment a review of the literature murphy

Based on two research questions (where are we? where should we go?), we hoped to evaluate the current state of scientific production on TNA and to point out some possible developments. Zone’in Fact Sheet.


A research review regarding the impact of technology on child development, behavior, and academic performance. Infants watch hours per day of TV, children use and teens 9 hours per day of .

The Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) is an independent non-statutory committee established by the Australian Government Minister for Health in Tom Andrews University College Cork.


MSAC - Medical Services Advisory Committee

Social Constructionism has been instrumental in remodeling grounded theory. In attempting to make sense of the social world, social constructionists view knowledge as constructed as opposed to created.

Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: a review of the literature Murphy E, Dingwall R, Greatbatch D, Parker S, Watson P.

CTE Curriculum Frameworks