Children who are entering adolescence are going through many changes. This article offers advice for adolescents and parents to negotiate these changes.
Gender Development in Adolescence Adolescence is the transition period from childhood to adulthood, a period that brings sometimes tumultuous physical, social, and emotional changes.
Adolescence begins with the onset of puberty and extends to adulthood, usually spanning the years between 12 and Puberty is the period during which the reproductive system matures, a process characterized by a marked increase in sex hormones.
Physical development in adolescence includes a growth spurt as the body fills out, voice changes especially in malesand an increase in sex hormones.
Secondary sex characteristics, such as breasts in females and beards in males, appear. Girls' first menstruation menarche usually occurs between the ages of 11 and Gender Gender differences in behaviors or mental processes continue to develop during adolescence.
Research has indicated that experience and learning have a greater impact on such behaviors than do biological factors.
Gender identity, the recognition of being male or female, develops by age 3. A gender role consists of the behaviors associated with one's gender. One meaning of the term androgynous is having adopted both behaviors associated with males and those associated with females. Androgynous males can do hard physical labor and yet care for babies; androgynous females can be homemakers and yet fix cars or drive taxis.
Peer pressure, a term used to denote legitimization of activities by a peer group, has been used to explain many adolescent societal difficulties. Although a peer group rarely forces an adolescent to try new activities, it may legitimize those activities by indulging in them. During the past few decades, the sexual behavior of adolescents has been heavily investigated.
While the threat of AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome has changed some behaviors, many surveys indicate a dramatic increase in adolescent sexual activity through the twentieth century. Studies have also shown that teenagers are still largely uninformed about contraception.
Adolescent problems are many and often involve the adolescents' relationships with their peer group as well as their search for identity.
These problems not only may affect physical survival in adolescents but also may have lifelong physical and psychological effects.
Substance abuse is a major health threat.
Legal and illegal substances available to adolescents include tobacco, caffeine, alcohol, glue, paint vapors, and pills. The spread of AIDS infections by use of dirty needles increases the seriousness of this health threat. Eating disorders have increased dramatically among adolescents, particularly females.
Some people have alternating patterns of the two problems. A prolonged period of either eating disorder can result in serious health problems.
Suicides and attempted suicides have increased among adolescents at alarming rates in recent decades. Research findings suggest that the suicidal adolescent has usually had, since childhood, a history of stress and personal problems.
Attempts to resolve the problems, including running away from home and increasing social isolation, may precipitate an attempted suicide.Adolescence typically describes the years between ages 13 and 19 and can be considered the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood.
However, the physical and psychological changes that. Adolescence CDC’s Parent Information (Teens 12— 19) This site has information to help you learn how to guide your teen to be safe and become a healthy and productive adult.
Human behaviour - Development in adolescence: Adolescence may be defined as that period within the life span when most of a person’s characteristics are changing from what is typically considered childlike to what is typically considered adultlike.
Changes in the body are the most readily observed, but other, less definitive attributes such as . Adolescence, these years from puberty to adulthood, may be roughly divided into three stages: early adolescence, generally ages eleven to fourteen; middle adolescence, ages fifteen to seventeen; and late adolescence, ages eighteen to twenty-one.
During adolescence, children develop the ability to: Understand abstract ideas. These include grasping higher math concepts, and developing moral philosophies, including rights and privileges.
Physical development in adolescence includes a growth spurt as the body fills out, voice changes (especially in males), and an increase in sex hormones. Secondary sex characteristics, such as breasts in females and beards in males, appear.