Following the myriads of propaganda and fake news that trailed the fight against insurgency and other political happenings, the Nigerian Army launched cyber warfare command to protect data space and prevent cyber terrorism.
Preface Introduction So many things come in sets of five. The five senses consisting of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste; the five elements consisting of water, earth, air, fire and ether; and even the Lorenz cipher machine that uses two sets of five wheels that generate the element obscuring characters—these are but a few examples of independent items that merge together to create a genre of function.
Let us now take a look at a number of factors, which on their face value may seem to be totally independent but together create something worth contemplating. This report was the result of analysis of computer-based models aimed at forecasting the developments of our civilization.
The overall conclusions were dim. In the 21st century, human civilization would start facing major difficulties resulting from the depletion of natural resources. The conclusions of the report were discussed and rejected by many at that time.
However, without any doubt the Rome Report was the first document trying to address the impact of our civilization on the natural environment.
Factor 2 At the end of the 20th century, the whole world was fascinated with the Y2K computer bug. Due to the limited space used for storing a date in computer records of legacy systems, it was discovered that switching from the year to may result in software failures.
These failures then may trigger chain reactions due to the fact that computers drive public utility systems i. As a matter of fact, some people went so far as to hoard food and other supplies to avoid any possible society-wide disturbances that may result. The information technology sector responded with mass action aimed at tracing all possible systems that could generate problems during the switch to a new millennium.
As a result, no significant accidents occurred at that time around the world. Interestingly, some mass media outlets clearly were disappointed that nothing had happen. A network is essentially the connecting of two or more entities with the ability to communicate.
The real-time services that this infrastructure provides include regular telephone calls, videoconferencing, voice over Internet protocol VOIPand a host of other analog, digital, and multimedia communications. Connecting these networked systems and facilitating their communications are high-speed switches, routers, gateways, and data communication servers.
Combined, these technologies and infrastructures comprise the global information infrastructure, which is primarily used for the sharing of information and data.
This infrastructure serves communications between communities, businesses, industrial and distribution interests, medical and emergency services, military operations and support functions, as well as air and sea traffic control systems. The global information infrastructure sustains our westernized economic and military superiority as well as facilitating our shared knowledge and culture.
It provides national, international and global connectivity through a vast array of systems. The services overlay that facilitate voice and data transfers support the globalization of western values, business, and cultural transfers by creating a smaller, highly responsive communication space to operate and interact with any interested participants.
All of this is facilitated by the massive network of servers known as the Internet, and managed by thousands of organizations and millions of individuals. This is why such an infrastructure is so important to our western way of life, and also why it is a viable target for those seeking to assert their influence and agendas on the rest of humanity.
It is a summary and analysis of answers received from more than individuals from all over the United Stated representing all types of business organizations in terms of size and operation. This survey is known around the world as the most representative source of assessment of the security status of businesses.
Some of the key findings from the survey were: Virus attacks continue to be the source of the greatest financial losses. Unauthorized access continues to be the second-greatest source of financial loss. Financial losses related to laptops or mobile hardware and theft of proprietary information i.
Unauthorized use of computer systems slightly decreased this year, according to respondents. The total dollar amount of financial losses resulting from security breaches had a substantial decrease this year, according to respondents.
Although a large part of this drop was due to a decrease in the number of respondents able and willing to provide estimates of losses, the average amount of financial losses per respondent also decreased substantially this year.
The overall tone of the survey is optimistic. We, as a society, have put a curb on the rising wave of computer-based crime. Factor 5 The mass media reports everyday on terrorist attacks around the world. These attacks may be launched at any time in any place and country.
The method of attack in the overwhelming majority of cases is the same: It could be done remotely or in suicidal mode. The common dominator of these tragic events is that the attackers are representing only a small part of society and most of the victims are innocent people who just happen to be in the proximity of the explosion.
The important conclusions that may be drawn from these five factors: Lack of symptoms of certain phenomena does not imply that the phenomena do not exist.Preventing Terrorist Attacks, Countering Cyber In my remarks, I’ll make reference to a report the U.S.China Economic and Security Review Commission recently released on China’s capability to conduct cyber warfare and .
protection against threats from possible cyber terrorism. Appendices to this report explain technologies underlying computer viruses, worms, and spyware, how these malicious programs enable cyber crime and cyber.
includes unauthorized network breaches and theft of intellectual property and other data; it can be 2 For additional information, see CRS Report RL, Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Cyberwarfare and Cyberterrorism: In Brief Cyberwarfare, Cyber.
Cyberterrorism. that can be used to protect the cyber environment and organization and user’s assets.”82 Protecting the cyber sphere against the threat of cyberattacks, cyber warfare, cybercrime, and cyber terrorism, has become a priority for the.
Data Protection has emerged as one of the most promising backgrounds for web security, cyber defence, fight against terrorism and organized crime.
It will bring significant opportunities for R&D cooperation between EU and Israel both at Government and business levels. collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite , Arlington, VA , and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperworli Reduction Project (), Washington, DC .